Scala try/catch/finally Expressions

Like Java, Scala has a try/catch/finally construct to let you catch and manage exceptions. The main difference is that for consistency, Scala uses the same syntax that match expressions use: case statements to match the different possible exceptions that can occur.

A try/catch example

Here’s an example of Scala’s try/catch syntax. In this example, openAndReadAFile is a method that does what its name implies: it opens a file and reads the text in it, assigning the result to the variable named text:

var text = ""
try {
    text = openAndReadAFile(filename)
} catch {
    case e: FileNotFoundException => println("Couldn't find that file.")
    case e: IOException => println("Had an IOException trying to read that file")
}

Scala uses the java.io.* classes to work with files, so attempting to open and read a file can result in both a FileNotFoundException and an IOException. Those two exceptions are caught in the catch block of this example.

try, catch, and finally

The Scala try/catch syntax also lets you use a finally clause, which is typically used when you need to close a resource. Here’s an example of what that looks like:

try {
    // your scala code here
} 
catch {
    case foo: FooException => handleFooException(foo)
    case bar: BarException => handleBarException(bar)
    case _: Throwable => println("Got some other kind of Throwable exception")
} finally {
    // your scala code here, such as closing a database connection
    // or file handle
}

More later

I’ll cover more details about Scala’s try/catch/finally syntax in later lessons, such as in the “Error Handling” lessons, but these examples demonstrate how the syntax works. I find that it’s great that the syntax is consistent with the match expression syntax, because it makes my code consistent, and I don’t have to remember a special/different syntax.

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